A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrology is the adult and pediatric study of the kidneys and its diseases. The nephrologist deals with the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. The kidneys are vital for maintaining normal fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.
Diseases affecting the kidneys
Diseases including diabetes and high blood pressure also affect the kidney adversely and it is a nephrologist who deals with preventing and treating renal damage caused by these systemic or whole body diseases as well.